Monday, April 15, 2024

Henry Kissinger’s legacy of destruction and bloodshed in foreign policy

HomeTop NewsHenry Kissinger's legacy of destruction and bloodshed in foreign policy

Henry Kissinger’s legacy of destruction and bloodshed in foreign policy has spanned at least 10 major global conflicts and countries. Henry Kissinger, the former US Secretary of State and National Security Advisor, has left behind a controversial foreign policy legacy filled with destruction and bloodshed across Southeast Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, and parts of Africa. Often viewed as a cold, calculating practitioner of realpolitik diplomacy who pursued American interests at any cost, Kissinger’s interventions and policy decisions over his lengthy career have been linked to millions of casualties.

From enabling years of brutal war in Vietnam to supporting notorious dictatorships in Chile and Argentina, Kissinger’s influence as a globe-trotting foreign policy advisor and envoy has continued long after leaving public office in 1977. Supporters have praised his shuttle diplomacy efforts in the Middle East and his role normalizing relations with China. However, his detractors point to a callous strategy of backing authoritarian regimes, pursuing destabilization campaigns, and isolating revolutionary movements – with murderous and often chaotic consequences that in many cases still reverberate today.

Vietnam

The cornerstone of Kissinger’s controversial legacy is rooted in the tragedy of the Vietnam War. Serving under Nixon as National Security Advisor from 1969 then concurrently as Secretary of State from 1973, Kissinger won the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a tenuous ceasefire agreement that temporarily halted US involvement in the conflict. However, some historians argue the war may have concluded years earlier if not for Kissinger enabling Nixon’s intentional sabotage of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s 1968 Paris Peace Accords on ending the fighting.

By helping prolong US participation for 4 more grueling years, Kissinger’s policy decisions were linked to hundreds of thousands more Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Laotian deaths. Post-war calculations estimate 3 million total Indochinese lives perished throughout the war along with over 58,000 American soldiers. Beyond the staggering human cost, Kissinger’s policies also set the stage for years of regional instability including the murderous Khmer Rouge regime’s takeover in neighboring Cambodia.

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Cambodia

Kissinger’s oversight of Nixon’s controversial carpet bombing campaigns inside neutral Cambodia enflamed tensions that directly enabled the Khmer Rouge’s brutal four-year reign over the country beginning in 1975. The radical Communist regime’s genocidal purges, forced evacuations, and slaughters would lead to nearly 2 million Cambodian deaths from starvation, disease, exhaustion, and execution before being ousted from power in 1979.

Although the specific bombings and regional destabilization efforts were designed to rout North Vietnamese troops taking sanctuary in border areas, the excessive civilian carnage and unintended consequences left a solemn legacy still impacting Cambodia today. Vast swaths of the countryside remain dangerously littered with unexploded ordnance leaking from cluster bombs dropped haphazardly on target areas during Kissinger-supported “Menu” bombing operations.

Decades later as Cambodia continues recovering from the trauma of the Pol Pot era, Kissinger expressed little remorse for the unintended fallout, arguing the incursion succeeded in damaging the North Vietnamese sanctuaries. For the hundreds maimed each year by leftover devices and shells, Kissinger’s legacy lives on as a constant deadly reminder buried in the earth.

East Pakistan / Bangladesh

Today’s independent nation of Bangladesh traces its turbulent beginnings to being governed as East Pakistan under Kissinger’s watchful eye during the early 1970s. When Bengali nationalists sweeping local parliamentary elections were met by a ruthless military crackdown killing up to 3 million civilians, Kissinger expressed nominal concern for the bloodshed and strongly backed West Pakistan’s repressive response behind closed doors.

Deeming strategic alliances against India and the Soviets more vital than humanitarian intervention, the United States government under Kissinger’s guidance became complicit in genocide by remaining neutral and continuing to provide aid during what many deemed clear-cut state-sponsored atrocities against civilians. Pakistan’s perceived usefulness as a balancer in the region ultimately overrode obvious moral objections to the widespread murder, setting the tone for Kissinger’s characteristic foreign policy playbook repeated elsewhere throughout his tenure.

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The conscious decision to ignore overwhelming evidence of mass killings in East Pakistan solely for maintaining positive diplomatic relations would also foreshadow later inaction by Kissinger in similar situations from Bangladesh to Chile to Argentina. In each crisis, strategic importance and cold pragmatism prevailed over principle – often with oppressive consequences that leave complex legacies still unresolved today.

Chile

In Chile, Kissinger took covert intervention to another level by playing an outsized role in fomenting conditions for the notorious military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. The Nixon administration strongly disapproved of Chile’s democratically elected Marxist president Salvador Allende and his left-leaning “socialist experiment” agenda starting in 1970. Kissinger directed substantial funds and operational activities via the CIA and other agencies toward destabilizing Allende’s regime over the next three years.

Documents reveal $10 million flowed directly from the US government to anti-Allende opposition groups including $1.5 million alone to El Mercurio newspaper. Additional funds were funneled to right-wing Chilean military factions and civilian agitators. When Pinochet ultimately seized power via violent coup in 1973, killing President Allende, Kissinger infamously told Nixon “we didn’t do it” but “helped them.” The 17-year long regime was later found to be behind killing over 3,000 people along with disappearances and imprisonments numbering in the tens of thousands.

Argentina

In Argentina, Kissinger managed to continue stoking repression even after leaving office under President Ford in 1977. Visiting the country under the first year of military dictatorship rule in 1978, he heartily endorsed the junta regime responsible for the notorious “Dirty War” against so-called leftist subversives resulting in estimated 30,000 citizens “disappeared”. During his high-profile meetings expressing support, Kissinger called the campaign “a great service” to “Western civilization” – music to the ears of General Jorge Videla whose regime was already six months deep into a systematic effort of kidnapping, torturing, and murdering thousands.

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The former Secretary of State’s tacit seal of approval encouraging more aggression gave way to exponential increases in human rights violations continuing for years. Argentina wouldn’t hold free elections again until 1983 but still grapples with the traumatic legacy today. Kissinger’s post-retirement intervention showcased diplomatic encouragement carrying real consequences highlighting his lasting sway upon world affairs even as a civilian.

Although brief mentions cannot do true justice, Kissinger’s complicity also touched several other notorious Cold War-era situations including unrest in Cyprus, enabling Indonesia’s invasion obliterating nearly a quarter million in East Timor,isolating Palestinian positions in Middle East talks, and bolstering colonialist & apartheid regimes fighting Communist factions in southern Africa. Each crisis deserves deeper investigation into his influence.

Despite laudable diplomatic success stories like his shuttle diplomacy efforts following the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Kissinger’s lasting realpolitik impact contains too many dark chapters of supporting authoritarianism, violent oppression, and mass human rights violations from Southeast Asia to Latin America. By consciously dismissing ethical objections in various world hotspots out of claimed strategic necessity, his legacy carries the burden of enabling much bloodshed – both directly set in motion and unleashed through unintended consequences.

Without absolving individual leaders of their decisions, Henry Kissinger’s political calculations and willingness to accept “inevitable” cruelty in the name of American interests fostered conditions promoting conflict while failing to stand firmly for democratic principles when tested. With sway over foreign policy spanning over a decade and lingering decades longer as an envoy, Counselor, and influential insider, the destruction enabled across continents leaves profound scars, some still not healed today.

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Mezhar Alee
Mezhar Alee
Mezhar Alee is a prolific author who provides commentary and analysis on business, finance, politics, sports, and current events on his website Opportuneist. With over a decade of experience in journalism and blogging, Mezhar aims to deliver well-researched insights and thought-provoking perspectives on important local and global issues in society.

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